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If the ratio of one length to another is 1 : 2, this means that the second length is twice as large as the first. If a boy has 5 sweets and a girl has 3, the ratio of the boy's sweets to the girl's sweets is 5 : 3 . The boy has 5/3 times more sweets as the girl, and the girl has 3/5 as many sweets as the boy. Ratios behave like fractions and can be simplified.
Simon made a scale model of a car on a scale of 1 to 12.5 . The height of the model car is 10cm.
(a) Work out the height of the real car.
The ratio of the lengths is 1 : 12.5 .
So for every 1 unit of length the small car is, the real car is 12.5 units. So if the small car is 10 units long, the real car is 125 units long. If ...